If you have an available space in your property or farm, one thing you can consider building is your own farm pond. This is a great idea especially if you love fishing. Most fishing adventures require people to spend hours driving to a lake or pond. With a farm pond of your own, you simply have to walk to your fishing hole and you need not be hassled anymore of getting a license from your state. This is also a great opportunity to teach your son or grandkids the joy of fishing. In your private domain, you are free to act as you wish and also be assured of safety.
Stocking Your Pond with Fish
Once you have built your own farm pond, it is time to fill it with livestock. The fish you choose will be dependent largely on your water source, the water temperature, and the size of your pond. Aside from this, you also have the option whether to breed fish or buy fingerlings and grow them. Breeding fish will require more ponds and take most of your time looking after them. If your intention in building the farm pond is to harvest and fish, then it is better to just raise the fry or fingerlings.
Before you consider your fish options, however, you still need to check with your state regarding local laws and requirements. Some may require that you obtain a stocking permit. Before a stocking permit can be issued, your pond may be inspected to determine its water source, its ownership, and how you have designed your pond to ensure that your runoff is hazard-free to be allowed to merge with nearby waterways. With a stocking permit in hand, you can now start shopping for the ideal fish for your farm pond.
Trout is a nice choice for beginners because it is easy to raise. It is ideal for cold water and has good farming potential. You can go for the rainbow trout or the brook trout.
Tilapia is another popular choice because they grow fast and are highly adaptable. However, some state may regulate the farming of tilapia because it is an invasive species. You must be careful that it does not find a way to escape from you pond into nearby waterways.
For warmer waters, you can grow striped bass or catfish. The channel catfish has a good farming potential. Other popular fish raised in farm ponds are carp, cod, catfish, and largemouth bass.
It is important that you control the water temperature and provide oxygen and food sources for your fish. This is also a consideration when choosing the fish for your ponds as some species require a lot of food to grow and you should have the means to provide it. The largemouth bass, for instance, require eight pounds of food just to grow by one pound. One way to meet this demand is to grow fish that will serve as their natural food source. For this you can consider flat head minnows, crayfish, and perch.
Also you will keep the fish health by maintaing beneficial bacteria inside of the pond.
Keeping the Fish Alive
You definitely want have a healthy environment for your fish and this can be done by artificially creating an ecosystem in the pond with pond aerators. By purchasing an aerator you will ensure that the water is clean and that the fish will have a substantial supply of oxygen in the water. We have only dealt with only one company in regards to this, Living Water Aeration and we have been satisfied with their selection and pricing.
Having a farm pond of your own carries some responsibility. You cannot totally eliminate the chances of trespassers sneaking in and taking a dip in your tempting waters. In the owners’ kind minds, it would be fine to let these people enjoy an afternoon swim in you pond. However, as stated by the law, any unfortunate incident that could happen to them will be your responsibility so it is best to exercise firmness to avoid such situations. One thing you can do is to place appropriate signs to prohibit them from swimming or playing in your pond. In addition, you may also fence the perimeter, but this will hardly stop hardheaded trespassers, and it will also be very costly for you if you have a large pond.
Just to be sure, equip your pond with rescue equipment, like life-vests and other floating devices. You should also see to it that your water is safe from contaminants that may cause health hazards to swimmers. It may also be time to learn some life-saving techniques, like CPR and other first-aid protocols. Remember that you are not doing this for the trespassers alone, but for your family too. Once you have a nice farm pond, you can expect your kids or grandkids to spend more time by the water especially in the summer months so always keep your facility safe. If you need more information you can visit Pond Boss’ Resources.